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William Cavert discusses his book "The Smoke of London: Energy and Environment in the Early Modern City"


William Cavert investigates the origins of urban air pollution, explaining how this problem arose during the early modern period.

The Smoke of London uncovers the origins of urban air pollution, two centuries before the industrial revolution. By 1600, London was a fossil-fuelled city, its high-sulfur coal a basic necessity for the poor and a source of cheap energy for its growing manufacturing sector. The resulting smoke was found ugly and dangerous throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, leading to challenges in court, suppression by the crown, doctors' attempts to understand the nature of good air, increasing suburbanization, and changing representations of urban life in poetry and on the London stage. 

Neither a celebratory account of proto-environmentalism nor a declensionist narrative of degradation, The Smoke of London recovers the seriousness of pre-modern environmental concerns even as it explains their limits and failures. Ultimately, Londoners learned to live with their dirty air, an accommodation that reframes the modern process of urbanization and industrial pollution, both in Britain and beyond.

William M. Cavert is a historian of early modern Britain focusing on urban and environmental history, at the University of St Thomas. His current research examines Britain during the Little Ice Age, focusing on cold winters, disasters, and relationships with animals.

Event date: 
Wednesday, June 13, 2018 - 7:00pm
Event address: 
38 S Snelling Ave
St Paul, MN 55105
The Smoke of London (Cambridge Studies in Early Modern British History) Cover Image
ISBN: 9781107421318
Availability: Not in Our Store - Available to Order
Published: Cambridge University Press - June 20th, 2017